About 75% of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) that occur each year are concussions or other forms of mild TBI.
Our Approach to Care
We offer a comprehensive program that provides individualized care for teens and adults who’ve had a concussion. Our interdisciplinary team of specially trained experts has a long and successful history of treating brain injuries. Working collaboratively, our team – physiatrists, neuropsychologists, sports medicine physical therapists, vestibular/balance physical therapists, certified athletic trainers and, if necessary, audiologists, occupational therapists and speech therapists – can evaluate you and provide a customized plan of care. Drawing on the resources of both our Wallingford and North Haven campuses, our bilingual clinicians and support staff will guide you and your family on the path to a successful recovery.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is a concussion?
A concussion is a brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body. It can be the result of a fall, car accident, or sports injury. The majority, however, are not sports-related. A concussion changes how the cells in the brain normally work, which can result in a variety of symptoms including impaired physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioral functioning. Most of the time these symptoms typically resolve within 7 to 10 days. Gaylord's expertise is for patients whose symptoms persist past this time frame. Most concussions occur without the loss of consciousness, and structural injuries are rarely noted on the patient’s MRI or CT scans. However, even when the physical or emotional symptoms of a concussion have diminished, the brain may still not be fully healed.
Concussion and mild TBI animation from the CDC
What are the signs and symptoms of a concussion?
If someone has suffered a bump or blow to the head, look for the following signs. Symptoms can last for hours, days, weeks, or longer. A person with a concussion may:
- Appear dazed, stunned, or confused
- Complain of a headache, or loss of consciousness
- Move clumsily
- Complain of dizziness or continuing dizziness
- Demonstrate personality changes
- Experience sleep changes
- Answer questions slowly, or exhibit slurred speech
- Feel fatigued
- Seem forgetful
- Appear to have "foggy" thinking or cognitive functioning
- Be unable to recall events prior to or after hitting his or her head
- Have difficulty concentrating or focusing
- Be sensitive to light and/or sound
- Feel nauseous
- Experience neck pain
- Feel anxious
- Feel depressed
What kind of treatment would I receive for a concussion?
Every traumatic brain injury or concussion is unique. Our team of experts will carefully evaluate and assess your injury, so they can create the most effective program to support your recovery. Depending on your injury, your evaluation and treatment may include:
- Neuropsychological Evaluation - This brief test is performed to assess your thinking and mood. The results will be used to design an individualized treatment plans. (Neuropsychological Evaluations Brochure)
- Vestibular/Balance Rehabilitation - Provided by physical therapists with advanced training, this program involves assessment and treatment of neurological, inner ear and other conditions which impact your balance.
- Vision testing - These tests help us to assess any deficits you have and determine your areas of strength.
- Physiatrists - These physicians may be consulted in your care and management to help explore the potential need for medications and assess whether you need for further diagnostic testing.
- Orthopedic Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine - This team, located at our North Haven facility, will assist in determining when you can resume playing sports and return to other activities.
When should I contact the Center for Concussion Care?
If your symptoms last longer than 10 days contact your Primary Care Provider for a referral to Gaylord. Neurologists also refer patients to us, when they feel that a comprehensive recovery program will be beneficial.
Concussion Fact Sheets and Information
Concussion Management Part 1: Identification and Symptom Management
Concussion Management Part 2: Rehabilitation, Prevention, and Return to Play
In these two videos, Dr. Sarah Bullard, Gaylord's director of the Center for Concussion Care and Anne Pacileo, PT, and site supervisor for Outpatient Therapy Services, discuss the signs of concussion, managing symptoms, rehabilitation, prevention and return to play. (Videos produced by GottaLoveCTHockey)
Information on Concussion Education
For Information and Appointments: (203) 284-2888, Option 1
Download our brochure: Gaylord Center for Concussion Care
For physicians: Referral Form